Dengue fever is spread by the
aedes aegypti mosquito. The disease is most prevalent
during the rainy season. The aedes aegypti is a day
biting mosquito that thrives in dark areas. It can breed
in clean water, which makes a regular household easy
breeding ground for these mosquitoes.
The fever is characterized
by sudden onset, high temperatures, severe headaches,
joint and muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and skin rashes.
It is also known as break-bone fever,
due to patients describing the pain as breaking through
Regularly search and dry out any area with
standing water - old tires, discarded bottles,
coconut husks and any containers that hold CLEAN
Change water in flower vases daily. Scrub and
clean the insides of vases. Wash the roots of
flowers and plants thoroughly as mosquito eggs
can stick to them easily.
Wear clothes that cover you up. Avoid wearing
dark colours, especially black or dark blue. Dengue
mosquitos are attracted to dark colours.
Stay indoors at dawn, dusk and early evenings.
This is when the mosquitoes are most active.
If you are a traveler, please alert your physician
about any fever that occurs within three weeks
after you have left an endemic area.
Vitamin B and ultrasonic devices
are NOT effective in preventing mosquito bites.
Use mosquito repellant - an effective repellant
will contain 35% DEET (N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide).
DEET in higher concentrations provides no additional
Dengue fever cannot be passed directly from
one person to another, but it can spread through
a mosquito that bites an infected person, and
then a healthy person. Keep patients under mosquito
netting until the second bout of fever is over
and they no longer carry the infection.