Gout is caused by a build-up
of uric acid in the body. Uric acid is a waste product
that is produced during the process of metabolism
(when the body breaks down food to use as energy).
Usually, uric acid is excreted by the kidneys.
People whose kidneys do not excrete
uric acid properly, or those who produce too much
uric acid, can have high levels of uric acid in their
blood. If the level becomes very high, crystals form
in the joints. The crystals cause the joints to become
inflamed and painful.
People with gout are advised to:
Avoid alcohol or drink alcohol in moderation
Eat plenty of alkaline ash foods like fruits
Drink plenty of water and other fluids
Maintain an ideal body weight
Lose weight if overweight but avoid fasting
or quick weight loss schemes
Avoid eating foods high in purines: animal proteins,
dried beans, dried peas